Assam

4 Tiger Reserves | Total Area: 5162 Sq. Km.

Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park is a national park, a world heritage site in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam, India. This sanctuary hosts two-thirds of the world's great one-horned rhinoceroses. Kaziranga is home to the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world, and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006. The park is home to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deers too. Kaziranga is recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International for conservation of avifaunal species. When compared with other protected areas in India, Kaziranga has achieved notable success in wildlife conservation. Kaziranga is a vast expanse of tall elephant grass, marshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests, criss-crossed by four major rivers, including the Brahmaputra, and the park includes numerous small bodies of water. Kaziranga is located between latitudes 26°30' N and 26°45' N, and longitudes 93°08' E to 93°36' E within two districts in the Indian state of Assam—the Kaliabor subdivision of Nagaon district and the Bokakhat subdivision of Golaghat district. The park is approximately 40 km (25 mi) in length from east to west, and 13 km (8 mi) in breadth from north to south. Kaziranga covers an area of 378 km2 (146 sq mi), with approximately 51.14 km2 (20 sq mi) lost to erosion in recent years. A total addition of 429 km2 (166 sq mi) along the present boundary of the park has been made and designated with separate national park status to provide extended habitat for increasing the population of wildlife or, as a corridor for safe movement of animals to Karbi Anglong Hills. The park is divided into five ranges - Central (entry point at Kohora), Western (entry point at Bagori), Eastern (at Agratoli), Western-most Burha Pahar (at Ghorakati) and Northern. The first four lie on the southern side of the river while the last is on the northern bank. One of the many attractions in the Kaziranga National Park is exploring the hidden mystery of the dense jungle on elephants that are steered by the professional Mahout. It is a special treat to the travelers to move in the open grounds on these majestic animals. The other available options to see the national park is on booked jeep safari.

Core Area: 482 Sq. Km.

Buffer Area: 573 Sq. Km.

Current Temperature:

Best time to visit: October-June

Tiger Status: 125 (2010 census)

Likelihood of spotting Tiger: Likely

Closest Airport

Jorhat

Where to Stay

TBD

Manas National Park

Manas National Park or Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is a national park, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger reserve, an elephant reserve and a biosphere reserve in Assam, India. Located in the Himalayan foothills, it is contiguous with the Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan. The park is known for its rare and endangered endemic wildlife such as the Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur and pygmy hog. Manas is famous for its population of the wild water buffalo. The park is named after the Manas River, which flows through the heart of the park and is the major tributary of the Brahmaputra River. The Manas River was named after Manasa, the serpent goddess. On 1 October 1928 it was declared a sanctuary, prior to which it was a reserved forest known as the Manas Reserve Forest and North Kamrup Reserve forest. The sanctuary, with an area of 360 sq km, was used as hunting reserve by the royal family of Cooch Behar and the Raja of Gauripur. From 1951 to 1955, the area of the sanctuary was increased to 391 sq km. In 1973 the Manas biosphere was created. Manas, at the base of foot hills of the Bhutan-Himalayas in the state of Assam, with unique biodiversity and landscape is one of the first reserves included in the network of tiger reserve under Project tiger in 1973. Manas is the only landscape in the world where pristine Terai Grasslands are seen merging with the Bhabar grasslands interspersed with diverse habitats ascending to Semi-Evergreen forests and then to Bhutan Himalayas. The Biodiversity is very rich here. The last population of the Pygmy Hog survive in the wilds of Manas and nowhere else in the world. The Manas National Park was declared a sanctuary on 1 October 1928 with an area of 360 km2. Manas bioreserve was created in 1973. Prior to the declaration of the sanctuary it was a reserved forest called Manas R.F. and North Kamrup R.F. It was used by the Cooch Behar royal family and Raja of Gauripur as a hunting reserve. In 1951 and 1955 the area was increased to 391 km2. It was declared a World Heritage site in December 1985 by UNESCO. Kahitama R.F. the Kokilabari R.F. and the Panbari R.F. were added in the year 1990 to form the Manas National Park. In 1992, UNESCO declared it as a world heritage site in danger due to heavy poaching and terrorist activities. On 25 February 2008 the area was increased to 950 km2. On 21 June 2011, it was removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger and was commended for its efforts in preservation. The park is landlocked between five districts -Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baksa, Udalguri, and Darrang in Assam, India, and has three ranges. Meanwhile, the normal temperature range of the park ranges between 15 degrees and 37 degrees. Being a tropical region, the park is also lashed by rains during the period May to September; the average rainfall recorded is around 333 cm.

Core Area: 526 Sq. Km.

Buffer Area: 2310 Sq. Km.

Current Temperature:

Best time to visit: October-June

Tiger Status: 51 (2010 census)

Likelihood of spotting Tiger: Likely

Closest Airport

Jorhat

Where to Stay

TBD

Nameri National Park

Nameri National Park is a national park in the foothills of the eastern Himalayas in the Sonitpur District of Assam, India, about 35 km from Tezpur. Nameri is about 9 km from Chariduar, the nearest village. Nameri shares its northern boundary with the Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary of Arunachal Pradesh. Together they constitute an area of over 1000 km2 of which Nameri has a total area of 200 km2. The park was declared a reserve forest on 17 October 1978. It was set up as a Nameri Sanctuary on 18 September 1985 with an area of137 km2 as a part of Naduar Forest Reserve. Until then the Nameri National Park was heavily used for logging. Another 75 km2 was added on 15 November 1998 when it was officially established as a National Park. The Jia Bhoroli river of Assam was famous since the time of British for the golden mahseer angling. Some of the most popular activities in the park include white water rafting and fishing. There are also several spots that are ideal for angling however, one has to obtain permission from the forest department to indulge in this activity. Families can also swim and sunbathe in certain sections of the park. The Golden Masheer fish, that grows between three and nine ft long, is famous in the region and is known as the ‘Tiger of the Himalayan Rivers’.

Core Area: 200 Sq. Km.

Buffer Area: 144 Sq. Km.

Current Temperature:

Best time to visit: November-April

Tiger Status: NA

Likelihood of spotting Tiger: NA

Closest Airport

Tezpur (35 kms), Guwahati (200 kms), Jorhat (200 kms)

Where to Stay

Eco Camp, Nameri

Orang National Park

The Orang National Park, also known as (Rajiv Gandhi orang national park) located on the north bank of the Brahmaputra River in the Darrang and Sonitpur districts of Assam, India, covers an area of 78.81 square kilometres (30.43 sq mi). It was established as a sanctuary in 1985 and declared a national park on 13 April 1999. It is also known as the mini Kaziranga National Park (IUCN site) since the two parks have a similar landscape made up of marshes, streams and grasslands. The park has a rich flora and fauna, including great Indian one-horned rhinoceros, pygmy hog, elephants, wild buffalo and tigers. It is the only stronghold of rhinoceros on the north bank of the Brahmaputra river

Core Area: 31 Sq. Km.

Buffer Area:

Current Temperature:

Best time to visit: November-April

Tiger Status: NA

Likelihood of spotting Tiger: NA

Closest Airport

Tezpur (35 kms), Guwahati (200 kms), Jorhat (200 kms)

Where to Stay

NA